For travellers with a keen interest in geology, Oman is a true wonderland. Geological stories can be found just about anywhere, from Oman’s highest mountain Jebel Shams to the mega-dunes of the Empty Quarter (Rub Al Khali) or the Rock Garden at Duqm.
The Sultanate of Oman is the only country in the world composed mostly of oceanic crust and rocks that originate from the Earth’s mantle. Evidence of continental drift can be witnessed in many of the unusual rock formations and topography around Oman.
One of the most outstanding geological features of the country is the Al Hajar mountain range, which forms an arc from the north-west (Ras Al Hadd) of Oman all the way to the south-east (Musandam and Strait of Hormuz).
Jebel Shams, at just over 3000 meters, is Oman’s highest mountain and truly a geological outdoor museum, with fossils embedded in rocks hundreds of meters above sea level. It is this, and the many other finds, that proof the many geological changes the country has endured with time.