Visiting Archaeological Sites
The Sultanate of Oman is a country that is unique in its nature and its rich history, with events and stories written down in books and monuments that tell of heroism and the depth of communication with other civilisations. As one of the oldest independent countries in the Arab world, Oman has succeeded in blending modernity and ancient heritage while preserving the essential aspects of its culture and history. This makes it the perfect tourist destination for those wishing to visit a country that combine originality and modernity at the same time.The strategic location of Oman in the south of the Arabian Peninsula played a prominent role in gaining its position and its communication with ancient civilisations, which created human settlements dating back to different periods of history.On south Oman, ancient civilisations appeared that flourished on the paths of the Frankincense Road, including the civilisation of Wabar, whose archaeological discoveries date back to the Neolithic period, that is, between 5000 and 4000 years BC. As well as the Sumhuram site, which dates back to the period of the third century BC.The Salut archaeological site in the state of Bahla is one of the largest sites discovered in Oman and dates back to the third millennium BC. It witnessed, in a later period of history, the famous battle in which Malik bin Fahm al-Azdi defeated the Persians in the first century AD. This led to them being expelled from the areas where they controlled trade routes and copper mining sites.With the entry and spread of Islam throughout Oman around the seventh century AD, Mazen bin Ghaduba built the first mosque in Oman, which is Al-Midhamar Mosque in the Wilayat of Samail, which still exists to this day. In addition, it has been rebuilt several times over the years.Furthermore, with Sultan Qaboos bin Said – may God rest his soul in peace – assuming the reins of power in Oman during the period from 1970-2020 AD, Oman witnessed the building of a modern, prosperous country, drawing its foreign policy according to solid foundations and principles that enabled it to be one of the safest countries in the world. After him, Sultan Haitham bin Tariq – May God protect and preserve him – anticipated the reins of power in the year 2020 AD, with a renewed focus on building the land and the nurturing its inhabitants at the same time, to complete the blessed renaissance journey.